Green College, Tata Steel Rural Development Society (TSRDS) is running at Kolabera Centre, located on main road connecting Saraikela to Jamshedpur. GC is around 25 KM away from Jamshedpur City. Gamaharia Block and Saraikelan Block is just 17 KM away from GC.We cover 3 Districts mainly Saraikelan-Kharsawan, West Singhbhum and East Singhbhum. The training programme we have selected to cater the surrounding farmers is much needed in the selected region. Like, Lac production and processing, we have immense opportunities, scope and market to work with community as we can find ample host plants (Kusum, Ber and Palash) in the area. Along with we also conduct training on Animal Health worker, Fishery and Paddy Cultivator to make eco-entrepreneur and to support the livelihood of remote unemployed tribal community. Like Lac, we find potential in Para-vet also as the entire region is out of reach to the Government veterinary hospitals and doctors. In some region if the facilities are available (Only by Old Para-veterinary practitioner) that is too costly and not provided at crucial time of treatment.
GC campus is spread over in 5 acres of land with all required basis infrastructure. Right from demonstration plot, poly house, green house, sprinkler, drip irrigation, vermin pit, pond, mango orchard, soil test lab and medical facility in the centre. Separate residential space is there for 50 male and female trainees. Good spacious kitchen serves hygiene food to the trainees. 04 Class room is fully equipped with equipments like laptop, projector and audio systems for effective and impactful learning at GC.
GC TSRDS offers training on Lac and Animal health worker and found that the training is well appreciated by trainees as well as community. We have in-house host plants to cater the need of training (For practical demonstration). We are also about to develop nursery of Semialata ( a kind of host plant for lac cultivation). For Para-vet training we have well deserve trainer with 10 years of experience in allied field.
Lac Cuiltivation, Processing & Marketing
We initiated training programme in our GC from late December 15”. Since inception till now we have trained 124 farmers in Lac and Para-vet (5 Batch on Lac and 1 Batch on Para-vet). Though we have conducted only class room training so far, practical and farm based training is in progress for farmers (that would be imparted in phased manner). Till now we have conducted 3 on field demonstration on pruning of host plants, 1st and 2nd Spray of insecticides and pesticides to harvest good yields from cultivation.
Earlier Lac production was common in the area due to availability of host plants. Farmers used to do cultivation with their ancestral knowledge and wisdom imparted by fore fathers. Since climate change (High temperature and High dense fog) is an issue to the entire world, agriculture is also affected by. While discussion with farmers and community we realized the concern that affected the Lac cultivation. Non-availability of brood lac along with less knowledge of cultivation without scientific method was also an issue. They do not habituate of spraying insecticides and pesticides and also not aware about use of nylon mess net for inoculation of brood lac.
Animal health worker trainees are doing good in their filed. After follow up of some trainees we found that some of them have started earning. After training programme they have gained a lot insights about livelihood too and some are adopting in their life. During class room training we have provided some tasks to perform in their field regarding survey of animals, diseases and vaccination schedule if not provided in present. .
Though, Lac cultivation is 6 months long activity and we have just supported farmers for 4 months in the shape of providing brood lac and technical knowledge. They are positive about the change and motivated to keep the cycle again and again for harvesting of lac. Animal health workers have also started earning after class room training and for second phase training we are about to arrange a mass level vaccination camp in the respective area. Happy to see them earning, ranges from Rs 100 to Rs 3000 in such a short span of time.
Mr. Dinesh Oraon (ST) belongs to Sokhandi village of Saraikelan Block. He has attended training of lac in 5th batch at Green College. After training he has started cultivation on a large host plant (Kusum) with the support of 4 Kg brood lac. Initially insects have grown well on twigs of plants and expecting good yield from the plant (Approx 32-40 Kg). Next, he will multiply the cultivation on pruned Ber trees with present harvest using as brood lac.
Mr. Lakshman Oraon (ST), residents of Sokhandi village is doing great with hard work and passion. Presently he is covering his Panchayat (Bitapur) covering 15 villages and he made assurance from us to not provide training to other person as he will miss the business opportunities. He has well maintained register and documented all details of vaccinated animals with date and amount received as directed by trainer. Till now he has earned Rs 1200 and still to be collected from villagers. We have also made schedule for mass vaccination in his Bitapur panchayat to make him popular as ANIMAL HEALTH WORKER.